The History of Socks
There have been all different types of socks throughout the course of history. Some of the earliest versions of socks were made of animal skins, which were held up by being tied around the ankles. The Ancient Greeks, in the 8th century BC, made socks from bunched-up animal hair. The Romans made socks from woven fabrics and leather. In the 5th century AD, holy people in Europe wore socks called “puttees” to symbolize purity. By AD 1000, socks became a symbol of wealth.
The Modern Sock
Socks were knitted by hand from materials such as silk, cotton and wool. In 1589, the knitting machine was invented, and revolutionized the sock production process. Knitting machines could make socks six times faster than knitting by hand. In 1800, knitting machines first became completely independent of human aid, which further increased the rate at which socks could be produced. Nylon started to become incorporated in the production of socks in 1939.
After the introduction of nylon, blending of two or more materials in the production of socks started to become more popular. Nylon and cotton socks, the most common material combination, helps provide comfort and elasticity. Including wool as one of the materials in a sock provides warmth. Silk is usually combined with nylon, making dressy socks.